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Gabala – ancient, majestic treasure of Azerbaijan

Overview

If you are in search of a cool, evergreen place to rest, then Gabala City in Azerbaijan is the perfect place for you to visit. Gabala, is located about 225 km away from Azerbaijan’s Capital Baku. The weather in Gabala is mild in spring and autumn, hot in summer and cold in winter. In addition to marvelous weather, Gabala is home to gorgeous historical monuments, which can be seen all around the city and its vicinity.

 

It is said that the city served as the capital of the ancient state of Caucasian Albania for six centuries. Archeological investigations however give the evidence that Gabala functioned as the capital of Albania as early as 4th century BC. The ruins of the ancient town are situated in 15 km south-west of the modern site of Gabala, in the village of Chukhur Gabala on the territory between Qarachay and Jourluchay rivers.

 

The fact that Gabala was located in the middle of the 2,500-year-old Silk Road turned the city into a popular and important hub between Europe and Asia. That's why Gabala has been always desired by many foreign rulers. In the 60s BC, Roman troops are said to have attacked the Caucasian Albania, but did not succeed in capturing the Gabala territory due to the mightiness of that ancient state. Gabala then got occupied by Shirvanshah Fariburz, King David IV of Georgia in 1120, Mongol khan Timurleng in 1386, Safavid Shah Tahmasib I in 1538 and Persian Nader Shah in 1734. But despite all the captures, this ancient city was able to preserve its culture and identity.

 

Due to its historical importance, Gabala preserved a number of fascinating landmarks. The most outstanding of them are an old tower of defense purposes (9-11th centuries), a mosque of the 13th century, Imam Baba mausoleum (18-19th centuries), Juma mosque and the Historical Ethnography Museum that houses thousands of historical artifacts of the city.

 

Recently, archeologists made a new discovery at the ancient settlement Galayeri in Gabala. Thousands of artifacts made of clay, stones, metal, and bones were found recording history dating back to the first half of the 4th millennium BC.

 

Another interesting fact has been the discovery of an ancient catacomb dating back to the same period when the site was first settled – some 6,000 years ago. So, it is more ancient than any other catacomb found in Europe and the Caucasus! Moreover, archaeologists also discovered a human skeleton buried with more than a hundred jewelries and 30 potteries in the Dizakhli village of Gabala.

 

Just like in past, today Gabala is a magnet for international and local events. It can be said that the city is the second popular destination of Azerbaijan after capital Baku. Numerous meetings of politicians and summits are held in this wonderful city. In 2013, Gabala was declared the Cultural Capital of the Commonwealth of Independent States, in recognition of its long contribution to the history of Azerbaijan and the region. And today Gabala justifies its high title.

 

If you are a music lover, Gabala still is your City. In recent years the city has become the music capital of Azerbaijan. Annual International Music Festival – the festival of classical music is held every summer since 2009. Musicians from Europe, the U.S., Israel, as well as musicians from republics of the former USSR perform in open air with contests of young pianists, jazz and Mugham evenings also heldin the framework of the musical festival.

 

Since 2013, Gabala annually hosts International Jam Festivals. This year’s festival was held on August 27 and Masters from Turkey, Russia, Iran, China, Ghana, Northern Cyprus, Ukraine and Uzbekistan, confectioners from 26 regions of Azerbaijan gathered to demonstrate their abilities and share their yummy products with people.

 

Given the activities and events in Gabala, it’s just right to consider this beautiful city a highly popular tourist destination. Gabala is rich in nature, with thick forests and mountain landscapes and a perfect spot for hunting activities with the, noble deer, wild boars, hares, bears, wolves, foxes and numerous birds present.

 

Currently, everything you can possibly imagine is made in the city of Gabala for the sake of coming tourists. Many hotels, including world hotel chains are available in Gabala. The city contains an ice skating ring and a Greek-style theatre, built especially for outside concerts. Tourist can do their shopping activities in several modern shopping malls constructed within the city. Additionally, Gabala is home to Tufandag Ski Complex, one of the biggest ski resorts throughout the whole Caucasus, which serves up to 3,000 ski lovers a day.

 

That’s not all, the largest entertainment park under the open sky in Azerbaijan – Gabaland is located at an area of 16 hectares in Gabala. Visitors are provided with extreme kinds of attractions, ice arena, carting, sports fields, theatre, convenient parking, great food in restaurants and cafes.

 

In short, modern Gabala manages to combine both ancient greatness and modern development, and it can be said that Gabala is one of the most vivid examples of cities of contrasts, which are so loved by tourists especially tourists with Families.

 
 

Do You Know

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