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Guba: Best place to see before summer ends

Overview

Waking up to sweet songs of chirping birds in a forest of ancient trees, having a breakfast of fresh baked apple pies with soothing tea in the morning sun near a lively river, while observing the rhythm of water from a waterfall dozens of meters high.  This is just one of those dream mornings that become a reality in Guba.

 

Guba is a landmark region of the Land of Fire. A favorite destination of hundreds of tourists every year –also, one of the most visited Azerbaijani districts. Great Rulers of the former centuries are known to have come from Guba.

 

The Mountain Shahdag with its snowy peak and intensively flowing Gudialchay River is close by.  And the Valleys are simply beautiful, starting from Tufandag mount and stretching over 108 kilometers. There are over 100 more rivers in Guba, with the most gorgeous being Agchay, Qarachay, Velvelechay and Gudialchay Bridge --a glorious bridge built over the main river of the district in 1910 --Gudialchay Bridge is still one of the longest and ancient bridges of Azerbaijan. The bridge made of annealed bricks is 275 meters in length and 8 meters in width.

 

Guba is famous for its apples. One of the main exported goods of Guba district. Healing herbs spread all over the region as well, the Griffon vulture, an eagles’ species listed in the Red Book are just some of the unique things that make Guba.

 

Khinalig is another beautiful part of Guba. It’s very popular and almost every tourist has visited settlement in Azerbaijan. Khinalig is located right under clouds – at the height of 2,100-2,200 meters above the sea! The village has its own unique language that is very hard to be understood especially by strangers.

 

Unique culture


Modern Guba has at least 134 historical and archeological monuments. These include the temple of Fire-worshippers near Khinalig, tombs of Aghbil village (of 16th century supposedly), the Mosques, such as Sakine Khanum, Hadjy Djafar and Djuma of Guba which dates back to the 19th century, and the Gumbezli bath house. Overall, red colored buildings are found at almost every corner of the district. This fact highlights the region among other parts of Azerbaijan. A famous French writer, Alexandre Dumas, who was keen on visiting Azerbaijan, was in Guba as well. He bathed in Chukhur Hamam, another pearl of Guba’s architecture made of red brick.

 

The region is famous for carpets which made in ancient times. It would be hard to find a tourist who visits Guba and leaves without a carpet. Their sizes vary– from fairly miniature rugs to enormous carpets. “Zeyve”, “Golu-Chichi”, “Alpan”, “Oruj”, “Khan”, “Yerfi”, “Jimmi”, “Pirabadil” are just some of the few Guba carpets made all those centuries. The carpets were weaved by a traditional but national method. “Golu-Chichi”, which was woven in 1712, is stored in “Metropolitan” museum of New-York now. Furthermore, people from all over the world make offers to Guba carpets and rugs manufacturers.

 

Multiethnic society


Guba region spreads over 2,574 square kilometers and is located in the northeastern part of the country, quite close to the Russian-Azerbaijani border. The capital of the region has the same name – Guba, which is home for over 38,000 people. The number of the whole district’s residents is more inspiring – 161,434 going by the census done in 2014.

 

Guba presents a multiethnic society. The main ones are Azerbaijanis, Lezgins, Tats and Khinalugs. Moreover, Guba district is home to Azerbaijan's largest community of Mountain Jews, who live in Krasnaya Sloboda (Red Town). The famous Azerbaijani writer, historian and philosopher of the 19th century, Abbasgulu agha Bakikhanov, and a well-known playwright, Sakina Akhundzadeh also lived in Guba.

 

Cuisine


Guba has its own different but amazingly rich cuisine because of the variety of nations living there you’ll find– Guba tıxması, spicy kebab, sac and tandir kebab. One of the main meals of the region is sac- A delicious meal prepared from lamb, eggplants, tomatoes, peppers, potatoes and onion.

 

I would firmly recommend you to go see this precious region of Azerbaijan. The precious nature, architecture and history, and if you love playing Golf and relaxing in the shady woods as you watch the river carry the stormy waters, choose Guba – a really splendid destination!

 
 

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